I don't think I ever really processed that this is a thing until I learned my school has a group dedicated to it (yes in a positive way; Berkeley has a group for everything).
The idea of inclusion based on race is almost unanimously considered bad. However, when people think of it, they think of a majority (and let's face it: regardless of the facts or variation on area, most consider white males the majority) not letting the minority in.
Why in the world would it be okay the other way around?
I'll say this now so no one thinks I'm someone who has no room to talk about this: I'm a minor, female, and half-black/half-white. Yes, I'm the minority.
However, I don't want a job or to get into college based on the fact that I am female or because my mom is black. Me checking the "African American" box should not influence my acceptance at all.
On the other end, when I go to interviews, I get the other end. I do not in any way look part black--I'm pale, freckled, and have bright blue eyes. My hair's completely straight. I look like my English/Irish side entirely. So I shouldn't be discriminated against because they need someone who is black (assuming they didn't have race on the app or I declined to answer).
Though I didn't know this was openly accepted, I did know they look at this. My other mixed friends and I have talked about this a lot. We almost always pick the more "discriminated against" minority in us to focus on in the app. Why? Because we know it'll help us win scholarships.
Why should my race or gender be even comparably noticeable next to my actual achievements? This is perpetuating discrimination, not stopping it, and it's disgusting.
Of course, that's my example that I can relate to myself. There are countless others. Ask anyone who is mixed race; they'll probably tell you similar things. Or, ask someone who is in the majority if they feel discriminated against. I've had all-white friends who spend half of their time searching for the one scholarship they're actually allowed to do, and just feeling horrible at all the ones they can't.
Same for being a female. If Bob is more qualified than me, he shouldn't lose the job just because I have boobs.
For jobs especially I don't get this. College, though it's still very wrong, I can see why they'd think "well, okay, they need a chance to show themselves/overcome their situation" (assuming low-income minority). But for jobs... who cares where they're from? Efficiency is efficiency and skill is skill.
I really, honestly didn't think people legitimately thought this was okay.
I don't remotely see how it is.